European trade beads history and dating
some were sewn into the helixes of the Indians' ears or were worn in clusters suspended from their ear lobes.
Many glass beads were placed into the graves of the deceased, presumably for use in the afterlife." During their first three centuries of trading with the natives, Europeans used glass beads as a major form of currency, importing massive amounts through ports like Philadelphia.
He wrote the tiny glass beads "were sewn to clothing, moccasins, and pouches in predominantly floral (Eastern Woodland) patterns.
They were strung on sinew and wrapped around the handles of war clubs and on objects of ceremonial use...
Today that city's By the 1800s, more than six million pounds of Venetian glass beads were imported into the U. each year, and by then Italy was only one of several countries manufacturing the product. Click for Merseyside Maritime Museum chronicles that era and documents glass beads as a common element of the barter goods used by European traders to purchase lots of captured humans in countries like Gambia, Ghana, Senegal and the Ivory Coast.
The same beads were also valued highly enough to make them a war booty for privateers licensed by the Continental Government to attack British merchant ships during the Revolutionary War.
When the crews sloshed ashore on San Salvador island in the Caribbean, the meeting between Europeans and native Americans began as Admiral Columbus "gave them hawk's-bells, glass beads, and other small things," according to the ship's journal.This beaded purse from the collection of the Camden County Historical Society is from about 1920.Click for valued for their beauty as well as the symbolic meanings assigned to various colors and configurations of beads in Indian ceremonies.None of these materials could compare to the sensual, jewel-like qualities of glass beads struck by sunlight.'Diamonds' of Indian culture In his history of the Lenape, Herbert C.